Kh-59 missiles hit civilian targets in Ukraine. We found who makes them and where.

Under the conditions of a severe “missile famine,” Russian terrorists are forced to use the entire range of available ammunition in stockpiles. The stocks of Iskanders and Kalibrs have been used up to the bare minimum, and producing them under sanctions has proven to be an almost unrealistic task. That is why the Rashists are increasingly producing inaccurate or obsolete missiles.

The most famous of them, the X-22 with a deviation of 600 meters from the target and the anti-aircraft S-300, which are now used against ground targets, have already been described in detail by experts. We noticed that the news reports again mention the X-59 tactical air missile – fortunately, more often as another target shot down by the Ukrainian air defense system.

To the team
managed to find out how the Russian Federation is trying to give a new life to an obsolete Soviet design and who is responsible for the production of this “wunderwaffle.

“The newest rocket from 40 years ago

The X-59 missile was developed back in the late 1970s. It “works” only against large immovable targets with known coordinates, the claimed deviation – 3-5 meters. For the first time in combat conditions the Kh-59 was used by the Rashists during the punitive operation against Chechnya. However, this idea was quickly abandoned, as it turned out that the guidance system only works correctly in perfect weather.

It took more than 20 years to refine and modernize the missile, which is why the propaganda calls it “the latest development. The final version is called X-59MK2, the maximum declared range is 290 kilometers, and they are launched from Su-24, Su-25, Su-30, Su-34, Su-35 and Su-57 aircraft.

As of March 2022, the “second army of the world” had about 800 X-59s in different modifications, and the Russian terrorists began to actively use it – 4-15 launches per day.

Among the most “famous targets”: agribusinesses in
Krivoy Rog
, critical infrastructure facilities in
and a gas station in
. By early January, according to
Ukrainian Defense Minister Aleksey Reznikov, the Russian Federation has only about 300 tactical air missiles X29/31/35/58/59 left.

The effectiveness of the X-59 is highly questionable: most successfully land Ukrainian air defenses, and each costs about $0.5 million. At the same time, it is one of the few missiles that Russian enterprises can still produce despite the sanctions.

Developers and manufacturers of the X-59

The enterprises of Rostekh and the Tactical Missile Arms State Concern are responsible for the development and production of the Kh-59. Most of them are subject to sanctions by the United States, the European Union, Canada, Switzerland, Japan and Ukraine. Only the Kristall design bureau has not been subject to any restrictions so far. Below is a complete list of the companies involved in the manufacture of the X-59.

State Machine-Building Design Bureau “Raduga” (2a Zhukovsky St., Dubna, Moscow Region, 141983)

JSC “Smolensk Aviation Plant” (76 Frunze St., Smolensk, Smolensk region, 214006)


– UEC Saturn (163 Lenin Ave., Rybinsk, Yaroslavl Region, 152903). Produces U559 interference-free homing heads.

– FDUL “Moscow OKB Mars” (16 1st Shchemilovsky Lane, Moscow, 127030). Produces navigation and automatic control systems SNAU-59MK.

– “Rybinsk Instrumentation Plant” (Prospekt. Serov, 89, Rybinsk, Yaroslavl region, 152907). Produces onboard radiometric systems “Orbit-TM”.

– “Ramenskoye instrument-making design bureau” (2 Gurieva St., Ramenskoye, Moscow region, 140103). Produces free inertial navigation systems BINS-M2.

– Tambov Plant Elektropribor (Morshanskoe sh., 36, Tambov, Tambov region, 392030). Produces matching devices US-K-001-03.

– Ural Design and Engineering Bureau “Detal” (8 Pionerskaya St., Kamensk-Uralsky, Sverdlovsk Region, 623409). Produces radio altimeters A-079.

– P.I. Plandin Arzamas Instrument-Making Plant (8a, 50 Let VLKSM St., Arzamas, Nizhny Novgorod Region, 607220). Produces BREM-3 electric friction steering blocks and ASP-1 automatic elimination systems.

– Experimental Design Bureau “Crystal” (Entuziastov, 15, Moscow, 111024). Produces electric centrifugal pumps ECN 0,5M.

– Ufa Aggregate Enterprise “Hydraulics” (Ulitsa Volodarskogo, 2, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, 450001). Produces filter elements – product 340079A.

– Ufa Aggregate Production Association (97 Aksakov St., Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, 450076). Produces BIRK-9M2 regulation and switching correction units.


X-59 missiles

Who makes X-59 missiles?




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